Learn About Black Tea

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Black tea is the most widely consumed tea in the Western world. Enjoyed both hot and over ice, this robust, savory beverage ranges from flowery and fruity to spicy and nutty.

This favored tea features a deep reddish-brown hue and full-bodied taste that results from an extensive oxidation process once the leaves of the tea plant, Camellia sinensis, are harvested. The leaves may be blended with fruits, flower petals, or natural flavorings to add a unique taste to the brew.

After picking, the leaves go through a withering process where they are dried on racks for up to 18 hours until all excess moisture is removed and the leaves become supple enough to roll.

They are then rolled and cooled, which breaks down the membranes of the leaves and creates a chemical change that allows the natural juices to emerge – and the leaves to darken.

Finally, the tea leaves are "fired" and heat is applied to halt further oxidation and seal in the distinctive flavor and aroma.

Types and Taste

Following are some common types of black teas and the tastes with which they are associated.

  • Assam -- rich, dark, slightly malty
  • Ceylon - medium-strength
  • Darjeeling - light, with a slightly flowery aroma; also made with green blends
  • Earl Grey - light with a slight fruity flavor
  • English Breakfast - medium classic blend
  • Irish Breakfast - more robust than English Breakfast
  • Lady Grey - like Earl Grey with added lemon and orange oils
  • Keemun - smooth Chinese blend
  • Jasmine tea - scented with Jasmine flowers
  • Lapsang Souchong - infused with pine smoke
  • Nilgri - robust flavor
  • Russian Caravan - rich, hearty taste
  • Yunnan - peppery flavored variety

Health Benefits

black tea leaves

Flavonoids, which are highly concentrated in black varieties of tea, have been associated with a number of health benefits that include reduced the risk of stroke and heart disease.

There are research studies that link flavanoids, which are present in all blends, to lowering cholesterol levels, reducing inflammations, improving blood flow, and even helping the body maintain proper blood sugar levels.

According to the USDA flavonoid database, both black and green tea contain 150 to 190 milligrams of flavonoids per cup. They also provide trace amounts of healthful minerals such as potassium and fluoride.



Popularity

More than 90% of the world's teas can be found on grocery store shelves, specialty tea shops, restaurants, and gourmet food outlets.

The invention of the tea bag in the early 1900s is said to contribute significantly to the popularity and consumption of tea.


SHOP for Tea!

Enjoy award-winning, handcrafted teas and herbal blends from specialty tea purveyor Art of Tea. Click on the tea links below to go to the Art of Tea website and shop for delicious teas. 

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At Learn-About-Tea.com, our goal is to enhance your tea experience by bringing together a wealth of tea information and a place to buy exceptional tea online. To provide quality teas, herbals and tisanes, we evaluated an extensive number of on-line tea purveyors.

As a result, we are pleased to offer you the fine handcrafted and organic teas from Art of Tea, of which Learn-About-Tea.com. So shop for these unique and delightful teas by clicking on the tea links above. Your purchase will be made through the Art of Tea website. 

Disclosure: Art of Tea is a separate entity from Learn-About-Tea.com. All products, services, claims, and transactions provided by Art of Tea are fully the responsibility of Art of Tea. Learn-About-Tea.com is not liable in any way. As an affiliate of Art of Tea, Learn-About-Tea.com is paid a commission for purchases made through the above links that help fund publishing this website. 

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Related Information - Black Tea

Black Organic Teas
Darjeeling Tea
Black vs. Green Tea
Turkish Apple Tea
Earl Grey Tea

Chinese Tea Culture

Chinese Tea Ceremony
Chinese Tea
Chinese Tea Culture

Russian Tea Culture

Russian Tea Traditions
Russian Tea Cakes


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